Nymphenburg Palace Park – Munich

Picture: Nymphenburg Park, Badenburg Lake

Around this garden area with its many design features was an extensive park created primarily from the existing woods. Two groups of six straight avenues cut across the park on either side of the canal, to which Effner added a cascade at the western end of the park. Each group radiated out from a central point with a pavilion, which in the northern group was the Pagodenburg and in the southern group the Badenburg, both built by Effner. Both buildings were surrounded by formal gardens with pools and hedges.

In 1725/28 Effner also built the Magdalenenklause, in a secluded wooded section north of the bosket close to the palace. On the east side of the palace is the cour d'honneur, designed as a garden, which acquired its present form under Elector Karl Albrecht with the crescent of buildings ("Rondell") in front of the palace that was begun in 1728 and completed in 1758.

In the course of the 18th century, further architectural features and a variety of statues were added to the park. In 1734/39 the Amalienburg was built by François Cuvilliés the Elder next to the southern bosket area. From 1769 the "Large Parterre" was decorated with the ornamental vases and statues of the gods that can still be seen today.

Picture: Nymphenburg Palace Park, Lion Valley (Löwental) external link

In the second half of the 18th century, the landscape garden developed in England became increasingly popular in Germany, and Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell was commissioned to transform the geometric baroque complex. He retained the sections along the central axis – the basic structure of the parterre and the central canal with the cascade – and replaced the original geometric axis and avenue system with natural design elements. 

Through the introduction of so-called "ha-has" – where stretches of garden wall were sunk and thus rendered invisible – Sckell extended the park visually beyond its borders into the surrounding countryside. By 1799/1800 he had already laid out gardens between the Amalienburg and the Large Parterre for the children of the electoral couple.

Overall von Sckell succeeded in creating a classical landscape garden of outstanding quality, the particular attractions of which lie in the retention of striking features of the garden from previous, totally different style epochs. The basic structure of the park has remained virtually unchanged to the present day.

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Nymphenburg Palace
Museum in the former royal stables and Museum of Nymphenburg Porcelain
Small palaces at Nymphenburg Park



Further information and tips for visitors can be found at

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Object information:


Schloss Nymphenburg,
Eingang 1
80638 München
Telefon 089 17908-0

Opening hours

Opening times (main gate):
January-March, November, December: 6 am-6 pm
April and October: 6 am-8 pm
May-September: 6 am-9.30 pm

The other park gates will be closed half an hour earlier.

Admission charge

Admission free


The fountains usually run from Easter to mid-October from 10 am to noon and from 2 pm to 4 pm.

The historical pump systems in the park’s pump houses are open daily from 10 am to 4 pm from Easter to the beginning of October.

Gondola rides

During the summer season, gondola rides are offered every day (in fine weather) on the central canal. Further information can be obtained at www.gondel-nymphenburg.de or by calling the gondola ride number 0175 6000468.

Exhibition on the park

From April to mid-October the exhibition "Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell and Nymphenburg" is on display in the Geranium House daily from 9 am to 6 pm. The admission is free.

Further information

Further information

Service (leaflets, photo/film, links …)

Information for visitors with reduced mobility:



Shop at the palace


There is a passage from the palace park to the Munich Botanic Garden

Franchised restaurants and hotels:

Schlosswirtschaft Schwaige
Telefon 089 12020890

Café im Palmenhaus
Telefon 089 175309

Hartmannshofer Straße 20
80997 München
Telefon 089 92284-600

Taxisstraße 12
80637 München
Telefon 089 156827

Nearest railway station:


Public transport with nearest stop:

Tram to "Romanplatz",
bus or tram to "Schloss Nymphenburg"

Parking space:

450 car parking spaces, 25 bus parking spaces available

Responsible administrative office

Schloss- und Gartenverwaltung Nymphenburg
Schloss Nymphenburg,
Eingang 19
80638 München
Telefon 089 17908-0
Fax 089 17908-627
sgvnymphenburg@ bsv.bayern.de

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